Slide #101


TITLE: Mesopotamian City Plan for Nippur
DATE: 1,500 B.C.
AUTHOR: unknown
DESCRIPTION: This Babylonian clay tablet, drawn around 1,500 B.C. and measuring 18 x 21 cm, is incised with a plan of Nippur, the religious center of the Sumerians in Babylonia during this period. The tablet marks the principal temple of Enlil in its enclosure on the right edge, along with store-houses, a park and another enclosure, the river Euphrates, a canal to one side of the city, and another canal running through the center. A wall surrounds the city, pierced by seven gates which, like all the other features, have their names written beside them. As on some of the house plans, measurements are given for several of the structures, apparently in units of twelve cubits [about six meters]. Scrutiny of the map beside modern surveys of Nippur has led to the claim that it was drawn to scale. How much of the terrain around Nippur has been included cannot be known because of damage to the tablet, nor is there any statement of the plan's purpose, although repair of the city's defenses is suggested. As such, this tablet represents possibly the earliest known town plan drawn to scale.


LOCATION: Hilprecht Collection, Friedrich-Schiller-Universitat, Jena


REFERENCES:
Dilke, O.A.W., Greek and Roman Maps, p. 12 .
*Harley, J.B., The History of Cartography, Volume One, pp. 10-112 .
*Thrower, N.J.W., Maps and Man, pp. 12-13 .

*illustrated


Ancient Map Web List